multilingual international academic activities to enrich
scientific experiences with cultural diversity
GSI JOURNALS SERIE B: ADVANCEMENTS IN
BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
The title (cover) page must contain the following information:
The title of the manuscript
The name and academic titles of the author(s)
Institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s)
Full contact information of author(s) (address, phone, e-mail etc…)
Any acknowledgments the authors care to make.
The title of the manuscript should be written in bold (first letters in capital letters) and in the centre of the page. Also name and contact information (address, phone numbers, e-mail etc..) of author(s) should be written in the centre of the page. When the authors include more than one researcher, a person responsible for correspondence with the Editorial Board of the Journal should be indicated. If corresponding author is not indicated, the Editorial Board will contact with the author who submitted the manuscript to the Journal.
The first page of the text should begin with the title only, without the author's name. Manuscript should include an abstract in Turkish and in English. The abstracts should concisely present the aim or the purpose of the study, the methodology, the results, and the conclusion remarks. The length of each abstract should be minimum 150 words and maximum 250 words. References are not cited within the structured English or Turkish abstracts and the abstracts must not contain abbreviations.
After the abstract provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using British English spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Body for the Manuscript
You must provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Preferred format for the text and tables of your manuscript is Word document (.doc). Figures may be provided in .tiff, .jpg or .eps format.
The manuscript file includes the parts of the study. No author’s details should be present within this file. A manuscript submitted to the Journal should include the following parts:
and Endnotes (if there is any)
Appendices (if there is any).
Manuscripts submitted to ABE should be written in Microsoft Word format with Palatino Linotype 11 font size and single-spaced. Page layout should be A4 format and margins should be 4 cm for bottom and the other side’s 3 cm of the page. Page numbers should be located on the right bottom side of the paper. The manuscripts which are not suitable for the conditions related to the formatting are returned back to the author(s) without sending to the referees.
The text should start with the Introduction section at the second page. The priorities of headings and sub-headings should be clearly indicated. Please avoid using numbered paragraphs or headings. The whole main text should be justified. Paragraph spacing before and after a single paragraph (6 nk) should be given. The first line of the paragraph is to be shifted by 1 cm from the left margin. Headings and sub-headings of the manuscript should be numbered as 1., 1.1., 1.1.1. in hierarchical numbers. The headings should be partitioned not more than 3 levels. The sub-heading after level 3 should be written italic and bold. The headings should be numbered beginning from the Introduction, without the exception of References. All heading should be written bold. Before a heading (12 nk), and after a heading (6 nk) should be given (See: ABE Template)
The total length of any manuscript submitted for publication should not exceed 7,000 words including appendices and references. The average length of an article is approximately 2000-6000 words. However, longer papers can be taken into evaluation process, if Editor and/or Editorial Board approve. (Exemption may be made for studies based on qualitative data).
To assure anonymous review, authors should not identify themselves, directly or indirectly, in the text.
Figures and Tables
Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, as Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, and Tables and figures should be placed where they are most appropriate in the text. The titles of the tables and figures should be placed at the heading of the table or figures, and references belonging to table or figure should be under them. The figures and tables with their names should be centred in the text. In the tables and figures, the font size may be 9 pt. at least. Figures and tables should be separated from the text by one-line interval. Complex and long tables or data can be put at the end of the study as appendixes.
Mathematical Notations and Equations
Mathematical equations in the text should be centred. Equations should be numbered consecutively and equation numbers should appear in parentheses at the right margin. Between an equation and text there should be an interval of (6 nk). Mathematical analysis and statistical data should be placed in appendices where possible, and where Greek letters or other special sorts are used please ensure they are clear on the manuscript.
Footnotes and numbering systems should not be used for references.
Citations in the text should be made using the link method according to the APA 6.0 (American Psychological Association) citation style. In-text citations, the author’s last name, date of the publication, the number of the quoted pages (if there is a specific quote from a source used) should be mentioned. If the name of the referred author is given within the text, then only the publication date should be written. If there are two authors the surnames of both should be given. When there are 3-5 authors in the cited source, surnames of all authors should be listed in text for the first citations. Afterwards, only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” should be written. When there are six or more authors, only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” should be written for the first and subsequent citations. If there are more than two authors the surname of the first author only should be given, followed by “et al”. When an author has published more than one cited document in the same year, these are distinguished by adding lower case letters (a, b, c, etc.) after the year and within the parentheses. For multiple references, the citations should be ordered chronologically and separated them with semicolons.
Footnotes and Endnotes
Explanations in the main text should be given at the end of the article before references section, and they should be written in order.
The list of references should be presented in alphabetical order at the end of the manuscript. Each citation in text should be listed in the References section, and references which are not cited in text should not be written in the References section. If the author referred to more than one publication from the same source, the oldest publication should be listed first. If the author referred to more than one publication from the same source published in the same year, the publications should be numbered using the letters a, b, c…, as citation in the text. If one author’s several publications, some with one some with two or more authors, are referred to, the publications with one author should be written first. Page numbers of articles published in the journals and chapters in the edited books should be written. (See: End of the page for “Examples of Reference Formats” and also download extended version via this link)
Supplementary material should be collected in Appendix and placed after the Notes and Reference sections.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as Appendix A, Appendix B etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on.
Examples of Reference Formats (In text and Reference List)
(Feist, 2017, p. 7) or (Feist, 2017) or Feist (2017)
Feist, B. (2017). The school-to-work transition: a cross-national perspective. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.
An article/chapter in e-Book
Williams, J. (2018). Screening for depression in adults. In J. A. Melin (Ed). UpToDate Retrieved from https: www.uptodate.com/contentss/screening-for-depression-in-adults
Chapter in edited book
McEwen, W. J. (1997). Bridging the information gap. In G. L. Richard (Ed). Information Society (pp.51-70). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Conference or seminar papers
Conference or seminar papers in published proceedings –print (If the paper is from a book, use the Book chapter citation format. If it is from regularly published proceedings (e.g. annual), use the Journal article citation format.
In a paper about conservation of photographs (Edge, 1996),
the proposition that...
Edge, M. (1996). Lifetime prediction: Fact or fancy? In M. S. Koch, T. Padfield, J. S. Johnsen, & U. B. Kejser (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation (pp. 97-100). Copenhagen, Denmark: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
Thesis or Dissertation
Thesis or Dissertation –retrieved from a database
The field of engineering has largely developed around the positivist philosophical position (Hector, 2008).
Hector, D. C. A. (2008). Towards a new philosophy of engineering: Structuring the complex problems from the sustainability Discourse (Doctoral thesis). Available from Australasian Digital Theses database. (Record No. 185877) Note: End the reference with the unique number or identifier assigned to the thesis/dissertation.
Web document –author or sponsor given, dated
An RBA paper (Simon, Smith, & West, 2009) found that participation in a loyalty program and access to an interest-free period...
Simon, J., Smith, K., & West, T. (2009). Price incentives and
Consumer payment behaviour. Retrieved from the Reserve Bank of Australia website: http://www.rba.gov.au/ PublicationsAndResearch/RDP/RDP2009-04.htm
Web source –no author or sponsor given
This vaccine is 6 times more efficient than vaccines previously used to immunise against the condition (“New child vaccine”, 2001)
New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved April 16, 2012, from
Website -entire website
The new website of the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (http://www.deewr.gov.au) includes useful information on current government education policy.
Not included in Reference list.